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Academic Performance of Immigrant Children

Academic Performance of Immigrant Children
Far from being a burden on the educational system, research from Florida State University shows immigrant children perform as well or better than their same-race, American-born counterparts.

FSU Sociology Professor Kathryn Harker Tillman observed that first- and second- generation children are no more likely than their third-generation peers to have to repeat a grade despite the a number of social and economic disadvantages they face. The........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/20/2006 5:16:29 AM)

Women Outpace Men In College

Women Outpace Men In College
It is a well know fact that girls have long gotten better grades compared to boys at all levels of school. But until recently only few of these women utilized those higher academic skills to fulfil the dream of a degree, new researh finds that growing incentives are giving positive draw women to college in record numbers.

Look at the college scene! Since the year 1982, women have outpaced men in college graduation rates. In 1960 only 35........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/19/2006 8:41:42 PM)

Large Objects Can Follow The Rules Of The Microscope

Large Objects Can Follow The Rules Of The Microscope
Miles Blencowe, a quantum theorist with the physics and astronomy department at Dartmouth, is part of a team working to connect the macroscopic and the microscopic worlds by seeing if they can make larger objects obey the laws of quantum mechanics, where things can be in two places at once.

In the Sept. 14 issue of the journal Nature, the scientists report that they are much closer to making this classical-quantum connection with an........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/18/2006 8:44:22 PM)

'Taste not Waste' is New Motto

'Taste not Waste' is New Motto
If Dartmouth Sustainability Coordinator Jim Merkel has his way, this will be the year Dartmouth students get fed up with trash. Sept. 19 marks the College's convocation ceremonies and the first time that Dartmouth students will have the option to eat from College dining services without producing any waste.

Merkel, in collaboration with the student group Sustainable Dartmouth and college officials, has revamped Home Plate dining hall with........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/18/2006 8:37:39 PM)

Many Shapes Of Shakespeare

Many Shapes Of Shakespeare
The works of William Shakespeare have a timeless quality, but it would be a mistake to imagine these "classics" have retained their adamantine purity despite the passage of time.

As Diana Henderson, professor of literature, shows in her new book, "Collaborations With the Past: Reshaping Shakespeare Across Time and Media" (Cornell University Press), even those trying "faithfully" to represent Shakespeare cannot do so, because the context in........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/18/2006 8:18:53 PM)

Atlantis In Space

Atlantis In Space
Birds don't fly this high. Airplanes don't go this fast. The Statue of Liberty weighs less. No species other than human can even comprehend what is going on, nor could any human just a millennium ago. The launch of a rocket bound for space is an event that inspires awe and challenges description.

Pictured above, the Space Shuttle Atlantis lifted off to visit the International Space Station during the morning of 2006 September 9. From a........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 6:52:21 PM)

Multi-Dimensional Human Embryo

Multi-Dimensional Human Embryo
collaboration funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) to produce and make available over the internet a three-dimensional image reference of the Human Embryo based on magnetic resonance imaging.

The collection of images is intended to serve students, researchers, clinicians, and the general public interested in studying and teaching human development.........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 6:37:28 PM)

Characterizing Human Predecessors

Characterizing Human Predecessors
The genomic DNA sequencing of an extinct Pleistocene cave bear species--the kind of stuff once reserved for science fiction--has been logged into scientific literature thanks to scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI). This study, published in the June 2 online edition of the journal Science, has set the research community's sights on traveling back in time through the vehicle of DNA sequencing to........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 6:08:47 PM)

Arctic Sea Ice Diminishing Rapidly

Arctic Sea Ice Diminishing Rapidly
The Arctic Ocean's perennial sea ice, which survives the summer melt season and remains year-round, shrank abruptly by 14 percent between 2004 and 2005, according to a newly published study. Researchers found that the loss of perennial ice in the East Arctic Ocean, above Europe and Asia, neared 50 percent during that time as some of the ice moved to the West Arctic Ocean, above North America.

The overall decrease in winter Arctic perennial........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 9:52:31 PM)

Clean Up With Edible Oil

Clean Up With Edible Oil
Oil and water don't mix, and that could be the key to edible vegetable-based oil being the answer to contaminant clean-up.

Clemson University researchers, in conjunction with the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), are testing vegetable oil as a way to prevent contaminants from getting into groundwater aquifers. They say the method has the potential to help clean up chlorinated solvents, which are among the most common groundwater........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 9:10:20 PM)

Greener Path To Iron Production

Greener Path To Iron Production
MIT engineers have demonstrated an eco-friendly way to make iron that eliminates the greenhouse gases usually associated with its production.

The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) announced recently that the team, led by Donald R. Sadoway of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, has shown the technical viability of producing iron by molten oxide electrolysis (MOE).

"What sets molten oxide electrolysis apart from........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 5:14:47 AM)

Plastic Replicas Of Real Cells

Plastic Replicas Of Real Cells
Call them genuine fakes. Brown University biomedical engineer Diane Hoffman-Kim and her research team have made plastic replicas of real cells through a novel two-part molding process. The copies looked so authentic, Hoffman-Kim couldn't tell if they were real or rubber at first.

"When I saw the images from the microscope, I said, 'OK, I can't tell the difference,'" Hoffman-Kim said. "It was pretty amazing - and just what we wanted".

A........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:50:07 AM)

Black-white IQ Gap Has Narrowed

Black-white IQ Gap Has Narrowed
In a paper would be published in the October issure of the journal Psychological Science, William Dickens and James Flynn show that the gap in measured cognitive ability between blacks and whites has narrowed by at least a quarter since 1972. The researchers analyzed nationally representative samples of blacks and whites on four different tests of cognitive ability. On all four tests, blacks show large gains relative to whites with results........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:33:45 AM)

Insights Into Research Of Sir Issac Newton

Insights Into Research Of Sir Issac Newton
Known primarily for his foundational work in math and physics, Sir Issac Newton actually spent more time on research in alchemy, as well as its interrelationships with science, history and religion, and its implications for economics.

Alchemy, as Newton practiced it in the 17th and 18th centuries, was research into the nature of chemical substances and processes primarily the transmutation of materials from one type of matter to another.........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/11/2006 9:48:18 PM)

Bio-sensitive Nanofibers

Bio-sensitive Nanofibers
Detecting bacteria, viruses and other dangerous substances in hospitals, airplanes and other commonly contaminated places could soon be as easy as wiping a napkin or paper towel across a surface, says a researcher from Cornell University.

"It's very inexpensive, it wouldn't require that someone be highly trained to use it, and it could be activated for whatever you want to find," said Margaret Frey, the Lois and Mel Tukman Assistant........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/11/2006 9:41:10 PM)

In Katrina's Wake

In Katrina's Wake
Chris' new book titled "In Katrina's Wake" was released in August by Princeton Architectural Press in New York. This collaborative project features Chris' Katrina photographs, essays by writers Bill McKibben and Susan Zakin, and poems by Victoria Sloan Jordan. One-hundred percent of Chris' proceeds from this book will be donated to Gulf Coast hurricane relief charities.

Chris has been selected as the recipient of the 2006 Fellowship Award........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 6:14:44 PM)

Stripper Storm At Climate Meeting

Stripper Storm At Climate Meeting
Outraged researchers stormed out of a government-sponsored climate change conference dinner in Canberra last night, after female entertainers stripped down to their underwear as part of a burlesque show.

And one of the performers, who was covered in balloons, walked around the venue inviting researchers to burst parts of her costume.

A number of of the women who attended the dinner at Old Parliament House left the room in horror or........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 5:45:22 PM)

Options Backdating By Bending The Rules

Options Backdating By Bending The Rules
Now that the U.S. Senate Finance Committee has returned from its summer holiday, members have put the recent spate of backdating stock options at the top of the agenda. Several professors from the business school at Washington University in St. Louis are ready to discuss the implications backdating has on corporations and shareholders.

It is believed that dozens, if not hundreds, of companies across the country may have improperly........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 11:09:40 AM)

One of smallest stellar companions

One of smallest stellar companions
Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have photographed one of the smallest objects ever seen around a normal star beyond our Sun. Weighing in at 12 times the mass of Jupiter, the object is small enough to be a planet. The riddle is that it is also large enough to be a brown dwarf, a failed star.

The Hubble observation of the diminutive companion to the low-mass red dwarf star CHRX 73 is a dramatic reminder that astronomers........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 7:48:58 AM)

Photovoltaics From Organic Semiconductors

Photovoltaics From Organic Semiconductors
Imagine T-shirts that light up, or a beach umbrella that collects solar energy to run a portable TV. How about really cheap solar collectors for the roof?

All this and more could come from cutting-edge research at Cornell that demonstrates a new type of organic semiconductor device which shows electroluminescence and acts as a photovoltaic cell. The device is the first to use an "ionic junction," which researchers say could lead to improved........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/7/2006 9:08:42 PM)

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environmental challenges faced by China

environmental challenges faced by China
It is the most populous country in the world. Half the country is arid or semi-arid and mountains cover three-quarters of it. Natural resources are scarce. Yet 1.3 billion people live in China, which is undergoing a remarkable rate of economic growth. At the same time, China's environmental problems of energy and water shortages, water and air pollution, cropland and biodiversity losses are escalating.

The recent issue of Frontiers in........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/20/2006 5:18:53 AM)

Detect Coastal Ocean Pollution

Detect Coastal Ocean Pollution
Public health officials now may be able to know instantly when pollution has moved into the coastal ocean - a breakthrough that could enable authorities to post warnings or close beaches in minutes rather than days thanks to research by UC Irvine researchers.

The new technique analyzes temperature and salinity data collected by sensors located in the water along the Southern California coast. Researchers found that fluctuations in the sensor........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/19/2006 5:08:36 AM)

Engine On A Chip Would Be Best The Battery

Engine On A Chip Would Be Best The Battery
MIT scientists are putting a tiny gas-turbine engine inside a silicon chip about the size of a quarter. The resulting device could run 10 times longer than a battery of the same weight can, powering laptops, cell phones, radios and other electronic devices.

It could also dramatically lighten the load for people who can't connect to a power grid, including soldiers who now must carry a number of pounds of batteries for a three-day mission --........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/18/2006 9:20:51 PM)

Taming Tricky Carbon Nanotubes

Taming Tricky Carbon Nanotubes
Based on a new theory, MIT researchers may be able to manipulate carbon nanotubes -- one of the strongest known materials and one of the trickiest to work with -- without destroying their extraordinary electrical properties.

The work is published in the Sept. 15 issue of Physical Review Letters, the journal of the American Physical Society.

Carbon nanotubes -- cylindrical carbon molecules 50,000 times thinner than a human hair -- have........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/18/2006 8:25:53 PM)

Ferns Provide Model For Tiny Motors

Ferns Provide Model For Tiny Motors
Researchers looked to ferns to create a novel energy scavenging device that uses the power of evaporation to move itself -- materials that could provide a method for powering micro and nano devices with just water or heat.

"We've shown that this idea works," said Michel Maharbiz, assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science and principal investigator in the group that built the device. "If you build these things they........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 8:47:47 PM)

Describes Unique Cloud Forest

Describes Unique Cloud Forest
Trees that live in an odd desert forest in Oman have found an unusual way to water themselves by extracting moisture from low-lying clouds, MIT researchers report.

In an area that is characterized mostly by desert, the trees have preserved an ecological niche because they exploit a wispy-thin source of water that only occurs seasonally, said Elfatih A.B. Eltahir, professor of civil and environmental engineering, and former MIT graduate........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 8:44:54 PM)

Refuge For Neanderthals?

Refuge For Neanderthals?
The completion of a 7-year excavation of a site in southern Spain provides some evidence that neanderthals may have lived for thousands of years longer than was previously thought.

Clive Finlayson led the international team of palaeoanthropologists, which discovered 103 neanderthal artifacts, including spear points and knives, while excavating Gorham's Cave near the Rock of Gibraltar. Most of these artifacts have been dated to about 28,000........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 6:30:53 PM)

Molecular Sieve For Protein Research

Molecular Sieve For Protein Research
New MIT technology promises to speed up the accurate sorting of proteins, work that may ultimately aid in the detection and treatment of disease.

Separating proteins from complex biological fluids such as blood is becoming increasingly important for understanding diseases and developing new treatments. The molecular sieve developed by MIT engineers is more precise than conventional methods and has the potential to be much faster.

The........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 4:50:53 AM)

Serious Vulnerabilities In e-Voting Machines

Serious Vulnerabilities In e-Voting Machines
In a paper published on the Web today, a group of Princeton computer researchers said they created demonstration vote-stealing software that can be installed within a minute on a common electronic voting machine. The software can fraudulently change vote counts without being detected.

"We have created and analyzed the code in the spirit of helping to guide public officials so that they can make wise decisions about how to secure elections,"........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 4:41:57 AM)

Bijou Blanche

Bijou Blanche
After visiting London Fashion Week, the French model now based in London, Laure Brosson, decided to create her own online boutique with sexy and feminine accessories from inspiring designers. Laure named her boutique, Bijou Blanche, a name inspired by the movie, Seven Sinners in which Marlene Dietrich plays a beautiful cabaret singer; "it's such a beautiful cliche," says Laure Brosson.

In creating her online boutique, Laure says "I wanted to........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 8:16:52 PM)

Oh Kirsten

Oh Kirsten
Most of the online chatter about these pictures have been about how silly she looks flipping off the photographers or about Spiderman reshoots, but I am more concerned about the bag she is carrying.

Why on earth would Kirsten Dunst be carrying around almost the exact same Vera Bradley bag (or worse, a Vera knock off) that I myself had circa 2000? Now at the time I was pleased as punch with my little cotton bag. It cost me a bundle of my........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 8:04:16 PM)

Story Time

Story Time
Story ideas from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. To arrange for an interview with a researcher, please contact the Communications and External Relations staff member identified at the end of each tip.

For more information on ORNL and its research and development activities, please refer to one of our Media Contacts. If you have a general media-related question or comment, you can send it to........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:59:49 AM)

Surfing With Vulnerabilities

Surfing With Vulnerabilities
The next time you're sipping a latte and surfing the Net at your favorite neighborhood wireless caf, someone just a few seats away could be breaking into your laptop and causing irreparable damage to your computer's operating system by secretly tapping into your network card's unique device driver, researchers at Sandia National Laboratories in have concluded.

There is, however, some cheerful news. By role-playing the position of an........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:37:50 AM)

Wearing A Helmet Puts Cyclists At Risk

Wearing A Helmet Puts Cyclists At Risk
Drivers pass closer when overtaking cyclists wearing helmets than when overtaking bare-headed cyclists, increasing the risk of a collision, the research has found.

Dr Ian Walker, a traffic psychologist from the University of Bath, used a bicycle fitted with a computer and an ultrasonic distance sensor to record data from over 2,500 overtaking motorists in Salisbury and Bristol.

Dr Walker, who was struck by a bus and a truck in the course........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/11/2006 10:13:20 PM)

How to prepare stew for 30,000

How to prepare stew for 30,000
At the Yamagata Imoni Festival ("Yamagata potato stew festival") last weekend, 100 chefs gathered around a cauldron measuring 6 meters (20 feet) in diameter to prepare potato soup for 30,000 guests. The 18th annual festival organized by the Yamagata Chamber of Commerce and Industry was held on the banks of the Mamigasaki River in Yamagata prefecture.

As the centerpiece of a PR campaign to spur consumption of local agricultural products, the........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 6:40:52 PM)

Skeleton Of Cartoon Characters

Skeleton Of Cartoon Characters
See the skeleton of cartoon characters on this Korean site.

Fabulous crations.........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 6:28:59 PM)

Key To Rebuilding New Orleans

Key To Rebuilding New Orleans
The French Quarter, the Garden District, the Treme, the Lower Ninth Ward. Perhaps more than any other American city, New Orleans is a collection of individual neighborhoods - 72 in all - each with its own history and culture.

In a number of ways, these neighborhoods represent both the key and the key challenge to rebuilding the city, says John Hoal, Ph.D., associate professor of architecture in the Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts at........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 11:13:13 AM)

Rice Domestiction Confiirmed

Rice Domestiction Confiirmed
Biologists from Washington University in St. Louis and their collaborators from Taiwan have examined the DNA sequence family tree of rice varieties and have determined that the crop was domesticated independently at least twice in various Asian locales.

Jason Londo, Washington University in Arts & Sciences biology doctoral candidate, and his adviser, Barbara A. Schaal, Ph.D., Washington University Spencer T. Olin Professor of Biology in Arts........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 10:30:15 AM)

Public Confidence In Government Drops

Public Confidence In Government Drops
Five years after September 11 and one year after Hurricane, public confidence in the government to protect the area they live has hit a new low. Only 44% of the American public believes that the federal government can protect their community from a terrorist attack. This is a sharp and ongoing erosion of confidence, down from a high of 62% in 2003, and the second consecutive year that fewer than half of the American public believes government........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/9/2006 5:25:07 AM)

Failiure of Diversity training

Failiure of Diversity training
A new study shows that diversity training programs have roundly failed to eliminate bias and increase the number of minorities in management, despite the fact that a number of corporations have spent increasing amounts of money on them since the 1990s.

In a paper would be reported in the American Sociological Review, Frank Dobbin, professor of sociology in Harvard University's Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Alexandra Kalev of the University........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 9/7/2006 8:27:38 PM)

   
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