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Circadian Rhythm In Swim Performance

Circadian Rhythm In Swim Performance
A new study investigating the potential of a circadian rhythm in athletic performance adds further confirmation that it exists. The finding is being published in the Journal of Applied Physiology, one of 11 peer reviewed scientific publications issued monthly by the American Physiological Society (APS) (www.The-APS.org). The authors of "Circadian Variation in Swim Performance," are Christopher E. Kline, J. Larry Durstine, J. Mark Davis, Teresa........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/26/2007 8:04:57 PM)

South Pole Telescope achieves first light

South Pole Telescope achieves first light
Researchers aimed the South Pole Telescope at Jupiter on the evening of Feb. 16 and successfully collected the instrument's first test observations. Soon, far more distant quarry will fall under the SPT's sights as a team from nine institutions tackles one of the.

biggest mysteries of modern cosmological research. That mystery: What is dark energy, the force that dominates the universe?

"The telescope, camera and optics are all working........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 2/26/2007 7:10:16 PM)

South Pole Telescope To Help Scientists

South Pole Telescope To Help Scientists
Just days before nations around the world were set to begin a coordinated global research campaign called the International Polar Year (IPY); researchers at the South Pole aimed a massive new telescope at Jupiter and successfully collected the instrument's first test observations.

Soon, a far more distant quarry will enter the South Pole telescope's (SPT) sights, as a team of scientists from nine institutions tackles fundamental mysteries of........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/26/2007 7:04:27 PM)

Over a Century After Disappearing, Wild Elk Return to Ontario

Over a Century After Disappearing, Wild Elk Return to Ontario
After disappearing from Ontario due to over hunting in the 19th century, wild elk have returned to the province thanks to the efforts of the Ontario elk restoration program. As per a report on the program's success, reported in the recent issue of Restoration Ecology, 460 elk were brought from Alberta and released in various Ontario sites between 1998 and 2001.

"The Ontario elk restoration program has met with great success primarily due to........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/21/2007 9:30:03 PM)

Creates Metallic Interconnects, Nanostructures

Creates Metallic Interconnects, Nanostructures
reating high-resolution metallic interconnects is an essential part of the fabrication of microchips and other nanoscale devices. Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a simple and robust electrochemical process for the direct patterning of metallic interconnects and other nanostructures.

"Solid-state superionic stamping offers a new approach, both as a stand-alone process and as a complement to other........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/21/2007 9:23:01 PM)

Formation of auroras

Formation of auroras
Giant electrical circuits power the magical open-air light show of the auroras, forming arcs in high-latitude regions like Scandinavia. New results obtained thanks to ESA's Cluster satellites provide a new insight into the source of the difference between the two types of electrical circuits currently known to be associated to the auroral arcs.

The deep mechanisms that rule the creation of the beautiful auroras, or polar lights, have been........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 2/20/2007 8:45:13 PM)

Where is Beagle 2?

Where is Beagle 2?
NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) spacecraft has used its onboard High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment camera (HiRISE) to take a colour image of a region of Mars in the vicinity of the intended landing site of Beagle 2.

H20 crater.

Credit: NASA's Mars Reconnaissance OrbiterIncluded in the image is new coverage of the crater H2O which was considered by the Beagle 2 team as unique in the area that had been searched for evidence........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 2/19/2007 8:27:39 PM)

High-Frequency Cryocooler Is Tiny

High-Frequency Cryocooler Is Tiny
new cryogenic refrigerator has been demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that operates at twice the usual frequency, achieving a long-sought combination of small size, rapid cooling, low temperatures and high efficiency. The cryocoooler could be used to chill instruments for space and military applications, and is a significant step toward even smaller, higher-frequency versions for integrated circuits and........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/19/2007 7:52:58 PM)

U.S. Innovation Tags Measurement Challenges

U.S. Innovation Tags Measurement Challenges
new report from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), An Assessment of the United States Measurement System: Addressing Measurement Barriers to Accelerate Innovation, details results of the agency's first-ever assessment of the capacity of the nation's measurement infrastructure-a large, diverse collection of private and public-sector organizations-to sustain U.S. innovation at a world-leading pace.

Innovation is vital........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/19/2007 7:45:58 PM)

Better Designed Roadway Intersections

Better Designed Roadway Intersections
Changes in roadway intersection design can keep older drivers safer and on the road longer, report University of Florida researchers in the current issue of Traffic Injury Prevention.

Wider road shoulders, right-turn lanes that allow drivers to merge into traffic without stopping and angle intersections no sharper than 90 degrees all led to better driving performance by older and younger drivers involved in a UF study of roadway intersection........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/15/2007 6:31:40 AM)

Water Through Nanotube Membranes

Water Through Nanotube Membranes
Troy, N.Y. By fusing wet and dry nanotechnologies, scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have found a way to control the flow of water through carbon nanotube membranes with an unprecedented level of precision. The research, which will be described in the March 14, 2007 issue of the journal Nano Letters, could inspire technologies designed to transform salt water into pure drinking water almost instantly, or to immediately separate a........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/13/2007 9:09:16 PM)

Glaciers not on simple, upward trend of melting

Glaciers not on simple, upward trend of melting
Two of Greenland's largest glaciers shrank dramatically and dumped twice as much ice into the sea during a period of less than a year between 2004 and 2005. And then, less than two years later, they returned to near their previous rates of discharge.

The variability over such a short time, reported online Feb. 9 on Science magazine's Science Express, underlines the problem in assuming that glacial melting and sea level rise will necessarily........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/12/2007 9:28:52 PM)

Ambivalent about who to vote for?

Ambivalent about who to vote for?
In the first study to propose a model for how information is processed by people with differing levels of ambivalence, researchers from Columbia University and Austral University in Argentina find that ambivalent people are more likely to be persuaded by disreputable sources. Those who are strong in their opinions are more likely to evaluate the reliability of the messages source before deciding whether to accept it.

"In recent years, the........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/12/2007 9:17:50 PM)

Future Superconducting Magnet

Future Superconducting Magnet
A research team led by a Northwestern University physicist has identified a high-temperature superconductor -- Bi-2212, a compound containing bismuth -- as a material that might be suitable for the new wires needed to one day build the most powerful superconducting magnet in the world, a 30 Tesla magnet.

The material currently used in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging machines in both hospitals and research laboratories -- a low-temperature........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/11/2007 9:42:11 PM)

Animal Studies In The Land Of The Midnight Sun

Animal Studies In The Land Of The Midnight Sun
The temperature hovers around freezing, but the sun is up for 24 hours each day. How do animals living in the continuous light of the Arctic summer know when to sleep and when to be active? Do they maintain a 24-hour cycle of rest and activity, or does living in continuous light alter their circadian rhythm?

Answering these questions may improve our understanding of biological clocks -- the internal, genetically programmed cycle of rest and........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/8/2007 10:03:54 PM)

science of prison overcrowding

science of prison overcrowding
UK Home Secretary John Reid is in deep trouble, trying to manage a criminal justice system that has filled prisons to overflowing. In his defence, Reid claims that "projecting the prison population is never an exact science". Perhaps he should visit the US state of Washington, which has been using scientific principles to try to avoid a similar crisis.

Washington may need three new prisons by 2030 if its jail population follows current........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/7/2007 9:43:47 PM)

recasting usual view of elusive force

recasting usual view of elusive force
Physicists at JILA have demonstrated that the warmer a surface is, the stronger its subtle ability to attract nearby atoms, a finding that could affect the design of devices that rely on small-scale interactions, such as atom chips, nanomachines, and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).

The research highlights an underappreciated aspect of the elusive Casimir-Polder force, one of the stranger effects of quantum mechanics. The force arises........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/7/2007 9:05:34 PM)

Selectivity Is Ultimate Aphrodisiac

Selectivity Is Ultimate Aphrodisiac
Speed daters who romantically desired most of their potential partners were rejected quickly and overwhelmingly, as per a new Northwestern University study.

Conventional wisdom has long taught that one of the best ways to get someone to like you is to make it clear that you like them. Now scientists have discovered that this law of reciprocity is in dire need of an asterisk in the domain of romantic attraction.

The more you tend to........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/6/2007 10:07:27 PM)

Nanoengineered Concrete To Cut Emissions

Nanoengineered Concrete To Cut Emissions
While government leaders argue about the practicality of reducing world emissions of carbon dioxide, researchers and engineers are seeking ways to make it happen.

One group of engineers at MIT decided to focus its work on the nanostructure of concrete, the world's most widely used material. The production of cement, the primary component of concrete, accounts for 5 to 10 percent of the world's total carbon dioxide emissions; the process is........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/5/2007 7:20:57 PM)

Public Responses To The Recent Spinach Recall

Public Responses To The Recent Spinach Recall
Every year, the Food and Drug Administration issues dozens of food-related recalls, withdrawals and advisories. But few receive the attention that the advisory regarding E.coli-contaminated spinach received in September 2006. The broad scale of the resulting recall and related media attention provided a unique opportunity for scientists at the Rutgers Food Policy Institute (FPI) to study the U.S. food recall system. The results of this study........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/5/2007 6:35:12 PM)

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Manual Dishwashing Study Digs Up Dirt

Manual Dishwashing Study Digs Up Dirt
New research at Ohio State University answers an infectious question about eating at restaurants: How clean are manually washed dishes?

Jaesung Lee and Melvin Pascall observed that even when they washed dishes in cooler-than-recommended water, numbers of bacteria on the dishware dropped to levels accepted in the Food and Drug Administration's Food Code. They also observed that certain foods-particularly cheese and milk-can be safe havens for........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/26/2007 7:50:26 PM)

Northwest Atlantic Ocean Ecosystems

Northwest Atlantic Ocean Ecosystems
Ecosystems along the continental shelf waters of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean--from the Labrador Sea south of Greenland all the way to North Carolina--are experiencing large, rapid changes, report oceanographers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the Feb. 23, 2007, issue of the journal Science.

While some scientists have pointed to the decline of cod from overfishing as the main reason for the shifting ecosystems, the paper........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/26/2007 7:07:47 PM)

Retro Refrigerators from Big Chill

Retro Refrigerators from Big Chill
I often marvel at how advancement in lifestyle seems to always lead us right back to something that we originally started off with. I can think of at least a dozen products belonging to my grandparents era that are on the shelves of chic boutiques today and are being sold at abominably high prices too.

And while we are on the subject of product lines making a comeback, retro refrigerators from Big Chill are worth mentioning. In this case,........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/22/2007 9:57:15 PM)

Biologically inspired sensors

Biologically inspired sensors
o find prey and avoid being preyed upon, fish rely on a row of specialized sensory organs along the sides of their bodies, called the lateral line. Now, a research team led by Chang Liu at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has built an artificial lateral line that can provide the same functions in underwater vehicles.

"Our development of an artificial lateral line is aimed at enhancing human ability to detect, navigate and........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/21/2007 9:25:34 PM)

Older Adults Unreliable Eyewitness

Older Adults Unreliable Eyewitness
A University of Virginia study suggests that elderly adults are not only more inclined than younger adults to make errors in recollecting details that have been suggested to them, but are also more likely than younger people to have a very high level of confidence in their recollections, even when wrong. The finding has implications regarding the reliability of older persons' eyewitness testimonies in courtrooms.

The study, "I misremember it........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/21/2007 9:17:04 PM)

Bacteria to steady buildings against earthquakes

Bacteria to steady buildings against earthquakes
Soil bacteria could be used to help steady buildings against earthquakes, as per scientists at UC Davis. The microbes can literally convert loose, sandy soil into rock.

When a major earthquake strikes, deep, sandy soils can turn to liquid, with disastrous consequences for buildings sitting on them. Currently, civil engineers can inject chemicals into the soil to bind loose grains together. But these epoxy chemicals may have toxic effects on........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/21/2007 9:09:56 PM)

The science behind a wrinkle-filler

The science behind a wrinkle-filler
The current battle between the makers of anti-wrinkle products widely compared with the Coke and Pepsi struggle for superiority is receiving an injection of scientific understanding with the release of a new study from the University of Michigan Health System.

The study is the first to discover that one of the fillers known by the brand-name Restylane works by stretching fibroblasts, the cells in the skin that make collagen, in a way........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/19/2007 8:58:48 PM)

Using Nano-Magnets to Enhance Medical Imaging

Using Nano-Magnets to Enhance Medical Imaging
Nanoscale magnets in the form of iron-containing molecules might be used to improve the contrast between healthy and diseased tissue in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-as long as the concentration of nanomagnets is carefully managed-as per a new report* by scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and collaborators. Molecular nanomagnets are a new class of MRI contrast agents that may offer significant advantages,........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/19/2007 7:56:46 PM)

Recast Usual View of Elusive Force

Recast Usual View of Elusive Force
Physicists at JILA have demonstrated that the warmer a surface is, the stronger its subtle ability to attract nearby atoms, a finding that could affect the design of devices that rely on small-scale interactions, such as atom chips, nanomachines, and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).

The research highlights an underappreciated aspect of the elusive Casimir-Polder force, one of the stranger effects of quantum mechanics. The force arises........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/19/2007 7:09:00 PM)

Trackstick Pro GPS

Trackstick Pro GPS
Katherine reviewed the original TrackStick GPS, but now the company has come out with the improved Pro, with 4 times the memory.

What is it? A tiny GPS recorder which, unlike real time tracking devices, records histories; it doesn't tell you where you are but where you've been. For example, it could tell you where your kids have been, verify employee driving routes, and watch large shipment routes.

How does it work? The Track Stick........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/15/2007 6:18:01 AM)

Be careful with garlic treatment for children

Be careful with garlic treatment for children
Parents and practitioners should know more about garlic before using it to treat children, according to a review of data conducted in part by the University of Alberta.

While using garlic to treat children for various ailments appears to be generally safe, more research needs to be done on its specific effects, and garlic is not recommended in at least one treatment, researchers found after reviewing several studies that used the plant to........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/13/2007 9:17:56 PM)

A clever catchphrase goes a long way

A clever catchphrase goes a long way
A new study in the Journal of Consumer Research discusses the benefits of slogans with multiple meanings, like a cell phone company using the slogan, "The Clear Alternative" or a tax-preparation service advertising that "You Get More in Return." The scientists observed that some people are better at recognizing additional meanings than others, but they also observed that degree of understanding has little impact on how well people respond to........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/12/2007 9:24:57 PM)

Happy endings aren't always best

Happy endings aren't always best
Advertisements for financial planning services and medications often employ mixed emotions in their advertising. They may begin by raising concern about ones future and end in vignettes evoking positive emotions. Or they may start with strong, positive feelings and then induce worry. Does it matter which sequence of emotions advertisers apply in their messages?.

A new study from the recent issue of the Journal of Consumer Research finds that........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/12/2007 9:08:51 PM)

It's not easy being green

It's not easy being green
Being a green consumer is hard work, according to new research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). The study highlights a need for more practical help and incentives for green consumers, if we are to achieve a more sustainable society.

The University of Leeds-led study found that consumers who try to live a sustainable lifestyle have difficulty deciding which product to buy. "Consumers find that being green or ethical........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/11/2007 9:38:06 PM)

Effects Of Global Warming On Antarctic

Effects Of Global Warming On Antarctic
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report citing the detrimental.

loss of sea ice sheets in the Arctic due to global warming echoes what many in the scientific community have been saying for years. Now researchers at The University of Texas at San Antonio's Department of Earth and Environmental Science are turning their attention to the South Pole to find out if global warming is having similar effects in the frigid Antarctic........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/8/2007 9:57:53 PM)

Cosmic graffiti artist

Cosmic graffiti artist
Astronomers from the University of Virginia and other institutions have observed that Enceladus, the sixth-largest moon of Saturn, is a "cosmic graffiti artist," pelting the surfaces of at least 11 other moons of Saturn with ice particles sprayed from its spewing surface geysers. This ice sandblasts the other moons, creating a reflective surface that makes them among the brightest bodies in the solar system (Enceladus, itself a ball of mostly........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 2/8/2007 8:48:19 PM)

Adaptation to global climate change

Adaptation to global climate change
Temperatures are rising on Earth, which is heating up the debate over global warming and the future of our planet, but what may be needed most to combat global warming is a greater focus on adapting to our changing planet, says a team of science policy experts writing in this week's Nature magazine.

While a number of consider it taboo, adaptation to global climate change needs to be recognized as just as important as "mitigation," or cutting........Go to the Science-blog (Added on 2/7/2007 9:08:21 PM)

Children's perceptions and antisocial behavior

Children's perceptions and antisocial behavior
Children who grow up in antisocial families are more likely to be antisocial themselves. Much of the research into why this is so has focused on parents' behavior. A new study finds that the way children perceive their parents' behavior provides clues as to why children of antisocial parents may grow up to be antisocial.

The study, conducted by researchers at the University of California, Davis, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/7/2007 5:11:48 AM)

Immigration Slows Rate Of Intermarriages

Immigration Slows Rate Of Ntermarriages
Immigration has played a key role in unprecedented declines in interracial and inter-ethnic marriage in the United States during the 1990s, as per a new study.

The findings suggest that the growing number of Hispanic and Asian immigrants to the United States led to more marriages within these groups, and fewer marriages between members of these groups and whites.

"These declines in intermarriages are a significant departure from past........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 2/6/2007 10:01:56 PM)

Miniaturized Device for Lab-on-a-Chip Separations

Miniaturized Device for Lab-on-a-Chip Separations
Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed an elegantly simple, miniaturized technique for rapidly separating minute samples of proteins, amino acids and other chemical mixtures. A low-cost prototype device described in a recent paper* can run up to eight separations simultaneously in a space about the size of a quarter, highlighting the technique's potential for use in microfluidic "lab-on-a-chip"........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 2/2/2007 4:53:58 AM)

   
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